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African Birds: The Bush
The bush in Africa usually refers to lowveld or savanna and is often associated with game reserves. While the main attraction of game reserves is the large game animals, the rich and varied bird life is a mecca for birding enthusiasts, or twitchers. Many reserves boast over 300 species of birds, which are either resident or seasonal visitors, and include raptors, insect eaters, seed eaters, fruit eaters, wading birds, waterfowl and omnivores.
The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the five big cats in the genus Panthera. Some males can exceed 250kg making it the second largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. They are classified as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List. Lions typically inhabit savannah and grassland, and prides consist of related females and their offspring and a small number of adult males. They are apex predators and hunt mainly at night, sleeping during the day.
Despite being the northern most country in the UK, Scotland is often referred to as the 'Land of Light'. Due to the changeable weather and often low angle of the sun, it's remote hills and glens and extensive coastline often produce magical-looking landscapes when bathed in light. Scotland has a long and complex history dating back thousands of years, and there are many historic monuments that add to its appeal. As a result, over 15 million tourists visit the country every year.
South African Birds: Coast, Forest and Fynbos
The extensive coastline of South Africa is primarily bordered by areas of forest or fynbos (fynbos is the heathland of the Western Cape containing exceptionally high biodiversity). Many of the birds in the forest and fynbos are highly adapted and are often endemic. Despite the extremely dynamic and rich coastal waters of South Africa, these waters contain many predators, and coastal birds need to be adapted to live in these dangerous waters.